To provide support to a foster/kinship parent who takes in NAS babies. To provide the caregiver with an infant care kit complete with Mamaroo, sound machine, bottle kit, Swaddlers and other items essential to welcoming a new baby in the home. To provide support, respite services, and advice from other foster parents who have experience with NAS babies.
What is a NAS baby?
Neonatal abstinence syndrome (also called NAS) is a group of conditions caused when a baby withdraws from certain drugs he’s exposed to in the womb before birth. NAS is most often caused when a woman takes drugs called opioids during pregnancy. When you take these drugs during pregnancy, they can pass through the placenta and cause serious problems for your baby. The placenta grows in your uterus (womb) and supplies your baby with food and oxygen through the umbilical cord.
What are the signs and symptoms of NAS?
Signs and symptoms of NAS can be different for every baby. Most happen within 3 days (72 hours) of birth, but some may happen right after birth or not until a few weeks after birth. They can last from 1 week to 6 months after birth.
Signs and symptoms may include:
Body shakes (tremors)
overactive reflexes (twitching)
tight muscle tone
Fussiness, excessive crying or having a high-pitched cry
Poor feeding or sucking or slow weight gain
Breathing problems, including breathing really fast
Fever, sweating or blotchy skin
Trouble sleeping and lots of yawning
Diarrhea or throwing up
Stuffy nose or sneezing
Information from March of Dimes
How is NAS treated?
treatment may include:
Taking medicines to treat or manage severe withdrawal symptoms. Once withdrawal is under control, your baby gets smaller doses of the medicine over time so her body can adjust to being off the medicine. Medicines used to treat severe withdrawal include morphine, methadone, and buprenorphine.
Getting fluids through a needle into a vein (also called intravenous or IV) to prevent your baby from getting dehydrated. Dehydrated means not having enough water in the body. Babies with NAS can get dehydrated from having diarrhea or throwing up a lot.
Drinking higher-calorie baby formula. Some babies with NAS need extra calories to help them grow because they have trouble feeding or slow growth.
- To provide caregiver with an infant care kit within 24 hours of bringing a new baby home with an infant care kit that includes (but not limited to) a Mamaroo, sound machine, Swaddlers, bottle kit, diapers, wipes and other essential times needed to welcome a new baby into their home. The Mamaroo will be “on loan” to the foster family and an agreement will be signed so that everyone understands what should be returned to the Foster Pantry, what the foster parent can keep, and what follows the baby should it be moved.
- To provide mentors for foster families for them to receiving frequent support and advice from other foster parents who have experience with NAS babies
- To provide respite service in the home, 1 – 2x a week for the first month of placement to assist with caring for the child while parent rests/completes chores/runs errand